Heat Safety: Tips on how to stay safe in the heat

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BRIDGEPORT, W.Va (WDTV) -- Each year, the Bridgeport Fire Department responds to at least a dozen calls for heat related illnesses.

Lieutenant Keith Linger of the Bridgeport Fire Department says heat stroke is one of the possible outcomes of prolonged heat exposure.

"You can develop heat exhaustion and heat stroke just from being out in the sun..." Lt. Linger said.

Heat exhaustion, also known as hyperthermia, is the result of being heated to the point where your body can no longer cool.

There are tale tell warning signs such as being unable to sweat and muscle cramping.

Others being nausea, headaches and dizziness. If left untreated, heat exhaustion leads to heat stroke, a far more serious situation.

"The big one obviously is death, you can have some disabilities, and things of that nature," Lt. Linger warned, while also adding that once your body reaches the heat stroke phase, "it's a long process to reverse it as far as getting you cooled down."

If you feel like you are beginning to suffer from the effects of the heat, here are the steps you need to take:

"They need to get in some place cool, out of the sun - or even if it's just a shade of a tree to start with," Lt. Linger instructed us, and also to "begin drinking fluids, and they do need to call 9-1-1."

Lieutenant Keith Linger says to drink at least 8 glasses of water at day, but if you are going to be doing physical activity, you may need to drink more.

Knowing these tips can help you and your family prevent a heat related illness this summer.